The European Commission has published a list of the 20 most important quarantine pests that are threatening the European Union territory.
The list is based on impact assessments carried out by the European Food and Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC): what is the impact of an outbreak on the economy and environment of an EU country or region?
These 20 pests (in alphabetical order) are regulated as quarantine pests in the EU:
Agrilus anxius (bronze birch borer)
Agrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)
Anoplophora chinensis (citrus long-horned beetle)
Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian long-horned beetle)
Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn)
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wood nematode)
Candidatus Liberibacter (citrus greening causes yellow dragon disease)
Phyllosticta citricarpa (citrus black spot)
Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle)
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false or citrus codling moth)
Xylella fastidiosa (destroys olive trees in Southern Italy and wide range of host plants)
Photo by EPPO